Fig 1: JEXUS. Digital print on backlit vinyl, 500 x 400 cm
This is the representation of a crucifixion on an alien planet. Of a deep-space pilot who wakes to find herself nailed to a cross. The details of how this happened are unclear. She remembers she was lying on her bunk considering the nature of surplus value … now her ship is long gone … light years away. Two other people are crucified here but there is no audience. No witnesses of this enactment of a cliché … neither a sacrifice nor a prophesy.
Nietzsche describes how the priest gives meaning to our suffering. The hardest thing about suffering is that it just happens. You suffer – why? The Priest tells us ‘because you are evil ... because you are fallen’. And now suffering has meaning. Now you live to suffer. You will be rewarded in the next life. And so we seek out suffering provided we are given a reason. This is what the ascetic ideal gives us -we would rather will nothing than not will at all.
Schopenhauer tries to escape from the suffering of the will. Whereas Christianity offers reward-to-come, Schopenhauer asks us to withdraw, to pull back from this endless, pointless, promiscuous ‘will to life’ - the pumping pain of desire, surging and reproducing, everywhere, always ... animals, humans ... or run your finger over that table top over there with countless millions of bacteria and SUB ATOMIC LIFE FUCKING meaninglessly and endlessly on the NON-STICK surfaces of things.
Fig 3. Micky Mouse's blood.
Marx explains how the structures of power wank off the proletariat who in exchange wank off the structures of power. There is always pleasure involved, as well as oppression and misery. But no one said this was an equal relationship. There are a wide range of categories and sub-categories of ‘wanking’ and ‘being wanked off’, just as there are different categories of ‘proletariat’ and ‘power’. To briefly sketch this out, in Capital, Marx describes how the skills of craftsmen are at first facilitated by tools which are refined to further extend the potentials of their skilled labour. These are organised through the division of labour to create more ‘productive’ collectives. These collectives (if we look down from above) provide a map/diagram of the skills, movements and mechanics that inform the machines, groups of machines and finally factories which replace the skilled worker (transformed into deskilled fleshy appendage). The ‘machine’ is cranked up not only to extract the maximum amount of surplus value but also to police and control a now expendable workforce. Looking down from above (again) the factory is laid out both as a diagram of stolen combinations of skills and processes, as echoes of the movement of limbs and hands, subsumed within the dynamics of industrial production. And as a mapping of the contemporary rhythms of control that police how arms, limbs and bodies are allowed to move.
Fig 4. We will all be crucified
WE WILL ALL BE CRUCIFIED. Some years in the future, waking up in a state-funded retirement home, you will have your arse wiped with a J-cloth by a hard-pressed nurse who sluices it out in the same bucket as she uses for the two other people sharing the room. YOU WILL be reintroduced to each other (the same as every morning). Maybe this is the Hoxton Retirement Home for Artists. The details of how you arrived here are unclear. Later in the day you will claim you are Damien Hirst and that you won the Turner Prize and someone else will say they are Sarah Lucas. All the rich people with secret trust funds have left the scene, this place is just for people living the dream. And then someone else will say ... no ... they are Damien Hirst [...]
Fig 5. Sacrifice a contemporary Internet porn.
Contemporary internet porn sites diagram a burgeoning coral reef of acceptable and unacceptable desires, assisting their audience by organising and sub-dividing the pornography available into a long list of precise categories of sexual interest and preference. Directing us in our consumer choices and the movement of our bodies.
10+ Inch Cock
18 Year Old
19 Year Old
9 Months Pregnant
Fig 6. 'All things'-->'Porn'/'Non-porn'--> 'Porn' ['Form'/'Content'].
These include obvious categories (male hetero-centric) such as ‘big tits’, ‘small tits’, ‘Big cock’, ‘3some’, ‘oral’, ‘cumshot’ as well as more obscure/specialized categories such as ‘sofa, ‘nylon’, ‘piss-drinking’, ‘castration’, ‘amputee’, ‘cock-mock’ (fantasies about men ridiculed by women for having small penises); categories relating to ethnicity/nationality, such as ‘Italian’, 'Asian', ‘African’, Danish; specific locations: ‘office’, ‘kitchen’, ‘gym’, ‘public’, ‘bus’; occupation, ‘teacher’, ‘doctor’, ‘fireman’, or to family relations: ‘Mummy’, ‘Mother’, ‘Father’, ‘Aunt’, ‘Grandmother’. A detailed catalogue of Freudian and post-Freudian sexual tendency, laid out flat in alphabetical order a bizarre taxonomy reminiscent of the list quoted in the preface of 'Order of Things' by Foucault where '... animals are divided into (a) those that belong to the emperor; (b) embalmed ones; (c) those that are trained; (d) suckling pigs; (e) mermaids; (f) fabulous ones; (g) stray dogs; (h) those that are included in this classification; (i) those that tremble as if they were mad; (j) innumerable ones; (k) those drawn with a very fine camel's-hair brush; (l) etcetera; (m) those that have just broken the flower vase; (n) those that at a distance resemble flies.’
Fig. 7: Please note a version of this text laid out in the format of a pizza menu/flyer is available at www.pizzamenudesire.org
This pizza menu text (above) is a kind of subterfuge/camoflague. That is, one thing (one category) being adopted by another – as a form of mimicry. This is a common strategy in context of nature and art. Like orchids imitating wasps. Or Jeremy Deller’s ‘Acid Brass’ where a British colliery brass band play acid house music. Or religious organisations such as The Lords Work Trust who distribute leaflets adopting the style and branding of the band Nine Inch Nails as a disguise for a religious text warning against the evils of rock music [available from www.thelordsworktrust.org]. The tract emphasises ‘the fact that God can save anyone, no matter who they are or what they have done’. And is ‘especially suited to groups that are caught up in heavy rock music - a perfect tract to hand out at music concerts’. This is also a retrieval of originally religious iconography.
Fig 8. Nine Inch Nails
The academic consideration of pornography has blossomed into a burgeoning coral reef of consumer desire, with categories catering for every nuance of scholarship: ‘sociological’, ‘hermeneutical’, ‘queer theory’, ‘feminism’, psycho-linguistic’, ‘mass cultural’, ‘film studies’. Spanning anti-pornography discourse such as Catherine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin, through pro-sex feminism, Performativity and Queer theory to the ‘porn study’ phenomena of Lynda Williams and Laura Kipnis, where pornography although often trading in stereotypical and misogynist images of feminity, presents the potential for social change.
Fig 9: There used to be a website called ‘www.jesuslovesporn.com’ - a standard archive porn website - which disappeared from the world wide web in 2009. It was Replaced recently by ‘Jesus loves porn stars’ a Christian website which now swamps ‘Jesus porn’ and ‘jesus loves porn’ google searches.
Eugene Thacker correctly identifies the less liberatory dimensions of web porn. Although the construction of a ‘net economy of consumer sex’ where the ‘organisation and categorization’ of sexualized bodies produces an ‘…incredibly variant and diverse zone where every possible body and gesture is accomodated by a category and/or website dedicated to it.’ This is only a ‘superficial heterogeneity of sexual choice’ as a set of ‘constructed, categorical pleasures and bodies.’ An epistemology - or ‘political economy of sexualized bodies’ that is only possible because it is built upon a hierarchical, asymmetrical norm: that of the "average" heterosexual, male consumer.
Fig 10. Political economy of sexualized bodies
Constructed as a ‘moral economy’ derived from a Western, modern, moralizing paradigm inherited from turn-of-the-century sexology and psycho-pathology (where the perspective is that of the white, heterosexual, male), whereby bodies and actions are sexualized according to a hierarchy of pleasures (from the central norm of heterosexuality to the marginalized but accomodated perversions of different fetishes). According to Thacker, the resultant picture is that of 'a seemingly permissive, diverse, and liberatory pornography-entertainment industry, that is really about the great levelling effects of a technology of mediation (the Web), and the flexible accomodation of media consumerism'. As Slavoj Zizek describes 'in the social conditions of late capitalism, the very materiality of cyberspace automatically generates the illusory abstract space of friction-free exchange in which the particularity of the participants social position is obliterated'.
Fig. 11: Please visit the website www.transformationandequality.org
(Above) Floating free in cyber space like a deserted space ship, this is the hollowed out husk of a porn site. As a monument or public artwork celebrating the linguistic structuring of desire and its uncontrollable and constantly changing spirit....and the past-future potential of human-desires-still-to-come.
Fig. 12: Pizza
Pizza is now ‘local’ to everywhere in Europe and America at least. Pizza-menu-junk-mail is pushed through letter boxes in New York, Berlin, Belgrade emblazoned with the same images of ‘Italian-ness: tomatoes, cheese, green and red etc, catering to a range of tastes ... the salty tang of anchovies, the sweetness of tomato and the savoury flavours of ham, caper, olives and so on. The pizza menu organizes these taste-desires as a mouth-watering prophesy. You are already salivating at the thought! But ... the experience makes us feel a kind of self-hatred … and self-disgust. What is missing? We fill our stomachs with the salty, cheesy material but there is a tragic emptiness ... we don’t feel full! We realize in hindsight our desire for pizza was a desperate desire for self-fulfillment. But what can fill this VOID...? This hole in our lives, this absence. And this is where the religious-text-pretending-to-be-a-pizza-menu explains to us how we should turn to religion and Art because these desires for pizza and porn are false. They are not real, but hide a ‘real world’ away from us etc. The Devil is manifested is in these things ...creating false desires. That separate us from our real feelings, genuine emotions and our authentic lives as human beings...!
Fig. 13: Storehouse of ‘human’ potential
[See above] Envisaged in line with sci-fi fantasies of ‘future ruins’ as a blackened wreckage - this architecture houses still fully functioning and complex bio-technology. A vast storehouse of ‘human’ potential. Including endless banks of computer hardware and vast corridors of techno-cages containing computo-genetically transforming bodies and acts linked/derived from the transforming performances on Earth-bound porn websites. Porn identified as a new avant garde, taking on the radical experimentation with the morphology of forms – a role long ago given up by contemporary art (homogenized and slowed down by Capital).
Fig. 14: 0-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)
It may seem ridiculous to claim that the ecstatic scream of the Madonna, or saints on the cross is connected to the ecstacy of shit and meat rather than the divine but that is exactly what will be claimed here. Not shit specifically or anality, but “O” as the opening (out) of a throat or tunnel. The shit and anus are still key however, in the way they are used in Bataille’s analyses of the ‘dazzling brilliance’ of apes’ anuses “…the enormous anal fruit of radial and shit-smeared raw pink meat” which he contrasts with the ‘blossoming of the human face’. The animalistic, primitivity of the anus compared to the organizing civilized functions of the face (faciality). As an o-pening up as a hole, or extruded as O-O-O-O-O into a tube or tunnel. Or “O” as an opening out onto infinity as ZERO; or as a mouth splitting open the face, opening it backwards to ‘mammal meat’ and noise. A journey into “O” – either the “o” of PORN or some other word like “freedom” or “revolution” – or as the connection to other “O”s - and through these to still further examples.
Fig 14: 0-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O-O
When these organised faces bliss out in standard money-shot paroxysm - eyes shut, mouth open - they are not connecting up to the sensual-genital-religious-aesthetic paradises of outward-facing eternity – that is, shattered into shards of white crystal and blasted across the firmament like stars - but rather opening backwards into the fleshy experience of intestinal (cloacal) joy and vermicular excess. This is not a call for 1980/90s abjection - for the child-shit-dirty-protest-thing (as a parody of Kristeva /Kelley). Not primarily that anyway but the simple opening up of a tunnel from mouth to anus. And for the connecting up to other holes and tubes. To thinking through becoming a tube through which matter passes. To being ‘tubed-out’. Like a worm or tape worm. Like an extruded “O’.
Fig. 15: Crucifixion reinactments.
[Above] The ideology of porn replayed as/in the ideology of America in the Guantanamo Bay images. Many of the pictures resemble grotesque political cartoons—human pyramids: a prisoner in a cruciform pose atop a box with red wires curling away from his fingers; prisoners pantomiming sexual acts; prisoners cowering before attack dogs. 'They're impossible caricatures, their effects exaggerated because removed from the larger, more complicated context of the war. They are images even the most zealous anti-war cartoonist would feel uneasy imagining, let alone sketching. And there are hundreds of unreleased photos said to be much worse, scenes of rape and even murder'.
Some commentators—mostly conservatives, such as Robert Knight of The Culture and Family Institute, but even left-wing social critic Susan Sontag—cited our society's addiction to hard-core pornography to explain the scandal. Why else would the abuse have included so much nudity, sex, sadomasochism—and exhibitionism―in the form of extensive photo and video documentation? In their view '...the prison was an outpost of our debased, porn-soaked culture'.
Fig. 16: Hegel depicted as a worm tube
In contrast to Freud’s analysis (and for instance Breton's aesthetic bias) towards assimilation, Bataille's anti-aesthetic operates under the sign of the unassimilable or what he himself terms the heterogeneous. EXCRETION (violent expulsion) is lined up against APPROPRIATION where appropriation seeks to establish a state of homogeneity (identity) between the subject and object. And it is this principle that governs systems of production, accumulation and exchange, against which Bataille pits the excremental forces of the heterogeneous. The heterogeneous corresponding to the homogeneous, everyday world of utility and rationality. Therefore Bataille's writing/performance of “deformation”, “infection”, “torture”, “pain” moves as the rythym of the forces that deform the human figure - violent forces that Bataille equates with forces of entropy and decomposition, such as those that attack the corpse, emphasising the organic, instinctual aspects of the body that defy and subvert the humanity of the civilised body. The unruly organs as well as the body's capacity for sensation betray any idealistic endeavour. Bringing us back to our animality and root us in the painful reality of sensation. This is the carnivalesque body as an unruly becoming-body, mobile and hybrid, outgrowing itself and transgressing its own limits - obscene - its openings and orifices emphasised (mouth, vagina, anus, nostrils) and the lower parts of the body privileged (belly, buttocks, phallus, feet). Orifices and limits of the body: the mouth, the anus and the pineal eye. Cavities and holes symbolically charged – ambivalent - associated with desire, anxiety, disgust – like the phallus. And here the mouth is configured as a question of the limits, beginnings and endings of the body. In Bataille, the mouth becomes an obscure and ambiguous cavity where all organs begin and end. It signifies hunger, desire, but also aggression.
Fig. 17: Brooklyn's pizza
For instance in his essay ‘Jesuve’ (1930) Bataille lays out a counter fable to the story Freud describes in Civilisation and Its Discontents (1930), as an evolutionary trajectory in/through the bending upwards of the human body towards a vertical posture as synchronized with the move to ‘civilisation’, where the body is straightened over the millennia; vision is elevated and there is a concomitant devaluation of other sensory modalities, notably olfaction; the genitalia, previously hidden beneath the body, are now exposed and visible, giving rise to feelings of shame and repugnance; and a wholesale organic repression of the sexual function occurs, forcing the instinct away from its immediate aim into culturally prescribed sublimations. A move away from dirt, filth and excreta, the 'worthless, disgusting, abhorrent and abominable' In the same way that modernist high rise living in the Twentieth Century proposed a move away from the filth and depravity of slums. A horror of dirt and dream of the hygienic organized body, as an allegory of Western civisation, and the quest for transcendence and purity.
Fig. 18: JJJJJJJJJJJJJJJ
Food opens you up like a tunnel back into yourself. Into your own meat. To imagine yourself as a tube while you are reading this is to feel the words moving through you. As foreign matter, as in Bataille’s idea of a foreign body (corps étranger. The foreign body as heterogeneity in the body, in one's own body (corps propre); the self contaminated by non-self; the inside by outside; boundaries breached, traduced, transgressed. A shit-tube. But not just shit. For instance, a wooden splinter which, in order to reach its present site, has of necessity to violate the integrity of the body's surface. This concerns boundaries of the self and whatever poses a real threat - a threat from both the Real and Fantasy; to the borders or limits of a body which we can only ever imagine as self-contained and whole. To fears of dirt and defilement. As Bataille describes it, the foreign body as a focus for an eruption of excremental forces which exceed their function of simply expelling the object in order to reestablish a state of homogeneity, and put the whole of ‘oneself’ into a state of abjection: 'a more or less violent state of expulsion (of projection)'. And the potential of all this.
Fig. 19: Splinters/thorns in Jesus's flesh
Not the calm slit “-” or ;-) expressing ‘the majestic beauty of Greek and Latin faces’ whose calm vocalisation is established through the linear route of the airstream from lungs to lips. That is, not the “Oh” vowel sound that is produced by ‘the cold efficiency of the lips’ (pulmonic eggressive). Reza Negaretani Cyclonapaedia, complicity with anonymous materials, re.press, Melbourne, 2008150-153
“O” therefore might indicate ‘expulsion’ and ‘expenditure’. The “O” of either mouth or anus and/or scream or expulsion O-O-O-O-O – or perhaps O))). Or it might move in the opposite direction: O-O-O-O as the trajectory of circumferences moving down the throat or colon. As an internal succession of “O”s. That is either “expulsion” and the move outwards, towards the immaterial; or ‘tubing’ as the meaty, corporeal, bodily and material. Whereas ideas of “expenditure” and “release” replay familiar and conservative experiences/notions of escape and transcendence, and the escape from temporality and materiality. The same conventional, acceptable, romantic- religious dreams of ecstatic release with which we are so familiar (heaven, le petit--mort, art). The tube cuts against these associations of “freedom” with “space” and expansion. As a turning inwards as the tubing between ecstatic mouth and anus O-O-O-O-O (and other holes: nose, mouth, ear, nipples, vagina, penis hole etc). The tubes that physically and metaphorically connect them and the things that move through them. The body as a ‘… tube with two orifices, anal and buccal: the nostrils, the eyes, the ears, the brain represent the complications of the buccal orifice; the penis, testicles, or the female organs that correspond to them, are the complications of the anal. The tube is (ontologically, philosophically) prior to the ecstatic and/or excremental discharges of the body. Prior to: spitting, coughing, yawning, belching, sneezing and crying. And to the ecstasy of shitting out of the top of your head. ‘…at the summit of the skull […] a horrible volcano in eruption, with exactly the murky and comic character which attaches to the rear and its excretions’.
Fig. 20: Gean Moreno: 'I once read a text in which the theorist decided that the proliferation of O's in the first paragraph of a Julio Cortazar story was like a secret message revealing the absence of anyone behind the narrator--the O as placeholder of a vanished self or author....'
Tubing us back to the extreme expressionism of undifferentiated meat. And the ongoing peristalsis of muscle. The squeezing of matter. To previous tubes, previous O-O-O-Os - to the condition of our distant ancestors. As rehearsed and re-rehearsed by ringed worms (Annelids) burrowing in the soft muddy substrate below prehistoric oceans six million years ago. The joy of opening up into a tube as the matter of history moves through us. So we are unchanged by its flow. Like a sand worm.
Fig. 21: ???????????????????
As Dennis Cooper writes about heterosexual sex, through the character of ‘Ziggy’ in his novel ‘Try’: ‘… the girl experience is almost, like oppositional to the man experience …’ sex seems: ‘… planned in advance, not by him obviously, but by history or whatever. So no matter how wild sex gets, he’s still following this preset, like, outline, point by point, and when an experience is over, such as now with Nicole, it sort of gradually dilutes into a zillion other people’s identical experiences, until Ziggy feels … used in a way?” A kind of telescoping/tubing backwards through repeated ‘biologically-culturally’ pre-programed and choreographed examples and performances of human flesh, of flesh-in-and-out – fucking our way back to our biological, flesh ancestors. As Ballard describes the character Stangman’s journey in Drowned World towards the prehistoric heat of the equator, tracking a move back through geophysical time - down the spinal column: "as we move back through geophysical time so we re-enter the amniotic corridor and move back through spinal and archaeopsychic time, recollecting in our unconscious minds the landscapes of each epoch". And again as Cooper writes: ‘what is an ass if not the world’s best designed, most inviting blank space, on the one hand, and, on the other, a grungy peephole into humans’ ordanariness, to put it mildly?’ A corporeality also expressed in religious mysognist outburst: "Women are a gate through which the Devil enters - woman was the cause of the Fall and therefore ultimately to blame for the death of the Son of God." Or Saint Augustine’s famous observation that we are born between faeces and urine (inter faeces et urinam nascimur). Corporeality expressed as the stripping back to the ‘heterocentric, fetishistic, simultaneously desiring and hating paens to female body parts, which ‘run the gamut from medieval courtly love lyrics to […] nineteenth-century novelization of transgressive femininity [….]’ and beyond. As Bataille writes in Eroticism: “There is nothing so profane to a man as an ugly woman. Eroticism is to do with destroying and defiling beauty and if the woman is ugly the man cannot contrast the beauty of her face with the ugliness of her genitals” The same hate/love, polymorphism rampant in hetero-patriacal society, which simultaneous to the ‘glorification and privileging of hetrosexual, male supremacy’ it is also ‘permeable to and/or obsessed with the very anality and homoeroticism that [it] would stigmatise and decry’. A heterosexist inscription onto body parts as a corporeal mapping and demarcation of ‘the repressed psychocultural mechanisms of holiness and blasphemy, culture and carnality, creativity and primordial sludge, “normative” genital eroticism and “aberrant” anal or nonreproductive eroticism.’
Fig. 22: The film Centipede II presents the creative potential of imagining yourself as the middle section of a tube – as a branch of shit pushes through your toothless mouth like canned meat – in the way canned meat sets to the shape of the can. A perfect circle-tube, mouth to anus, mouth to anus, mouth to anus.
And so the given the interplay between the cosmic, galactic, universal surge against articulation, locatedness, interpolllation, or territorialisation. And the desperate conservative performance and re-performance of perverse ‘unnatural’ scriptedness as an attempted freezing of multi-millenial, biological, genetic ‘queering’? Is there a way of thinking of the event as a tube or as meat rather than as a form of transcendence. As an ecstatic deferment of salvation to some other time and place. Is Jean Luc Nancy correct when he suggests that the time has come to break the hold the figure of sacrifice has over the Western philosophical imagination (and over the political practices philosophy analyzes and legitimates. In this respect Bataille's own practice (in his tireless interogation of sacrifice) is symptomatic of the problem, as a bloody 'fascination with an ecstasy turned towards an Other or towards an absolute Outside'?
Fig. 23: Filipino penitents are nailed to wooden crosses as a reenactment of the crucifixion on Good Friday. in the northern city of San Fernando and nearby Paombong town, despite opposition from the Catholic church. Real nails driven through their hands and feet with villagers dressed as Roman centurions. The event draws hundreds of tourists.“The church’s position is there’s no need to go through this physical and literal pain on the body because Christ already did that for us,” explained Rev. Melvin Castro of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines . A similar event takes place in Iztapalapa outside Mexico every year.
And finally as Head Gallery write: ‘This is a charnel house/porn site where ‘rows of busted-up bodies are arranged as a precise, living catalogue of oppression and misery: torture victims with the weals of electrical burns across their faces and backs; factory workers with skin rotting from phosphorus burns; starving children with chiselled ribs protruding and tears cutting a path down dusty skull-cheekbones; machete’d women with half their faces peeling off; abandoned dysentery patients nesting in their own diarrhea; skeletal HIV victims with sucked in eyes and constellations of lesions on their face; choking and coughing choleravictims; refugee camp diabetics with open ulcers decorating their legs; nub-limbed lepers with milk-white pupils; rape victims lying on the floor crying – bruised and bleeding; white phosphorous and napalm bombing survivors with gestural abstraction acid splashes all over their torsos and faces; ebola and flesh-eating virus sufferers; sodomized little boys with their Catholic school cardigans still on and their ass holes bleeding and throbbing; shackled Vietnamese orphans, blind from being kept locked in containers and dungeons since birth; low paid workers with respiratory disease, including emphysema, bronchitis and lung cancer. Coloured lighting […] tints the figures red and orange. Artificial perfume smell of shit and sweat are circulated in the air-con. […] one of starving children is masturbating.
Fig. 24: 0-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)
In front of ‘… a South American diamond mine scene. There, men, women and children, malnourished and coated in mud and soot, plead with sadistic guards, who drag out one man and cave in his head with pick-axe handles. It’s live action to provide some entertainment.
There are also rag-trade workers with gnarled-up hands and fucked up eyesight, burning to death--a reconstruction of a fire in a Lower Eastside sweatshop. Crackheads, smackheads, junkies and all varieties of addict lying around in their own faeces and blood, writhing on the floor due to withdrawal syndromes that have been artificially exacerbated and made perpetual. Underage lathe operators with ripped off arms begging in the street. Underage prostitutes cowering in shabby motel rooms. War casualties jittering on the floor, legs and arms blown off, internal organs vomited out in front of them. Hobbling land-mine children cut off at knees.
Fig. 25: 0-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)-)
Ballard, J, G. The Drowned World, London: Harper Perennial, 2008.
Barthes, Roland, ‘Metaphor of the Eye,' in Critical Essays, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2000.
Bataille, Georges. [various including] ‘The Jesuve,’ ‘The Pineal Eye,’ 'The Big Toe', 'The Use Value of D.A.F. de Sade,' 'The Solar Anus', in Bataille, G, Visions of Excess. Selected Writings, 1927 -1939, Manchester University press, 1985. Bataille, Georges, On Eroticism, London & New York: Marion Boyars, 1962. Bataille, Story of the Eye, 1928, http://supervert.com/elibrary/georges_bataille/.
Benjamin, Walter, ‘On a Concept of History' (1940), in Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings, Volume 4, 1938-1940, Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.
Bois, Yve-Alain, 'Base Materialsim', in (ed) Bois and Krauss, L'Informe: mode d'emploi (exh. cat.), Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1996.
Cooper, Dennis. Try, NY: Grove Press, 1994.
Harries, Dan, ‘Watching the Internet’. In Dan Harries (ed) The New Media Book. London: BFI, 2002.
Kipnis, Laura. Bound and Gagged: Pornography and the Politics of Fantasy in America, New York: Grove Press, 1996.
Lev, Leora. ‘Sacred Disorder of the Mind: Sublimity, Desire Police, and Dennis Cooper’s Hallucination of Words’, in (ed.) Lev, L., Enter at your own risk: the dangerous art of Dennis Cooper, Madison, NJ: FDU Press, 2006.
Nancy, Jean-Luc and Richard Livingston, 'The Unsacrificeable', Yale French Studies , No. 79, 'Literature and the Ethical Question' (1991), pp. 20-38
Marx, Karl, Capital, Volume 1, London: Penguin Books, 1990.
Nietzsche, Friedrich, Geanealogy of the Morals, NY: Dover Publications, 2003.
O’Toole, Laurence, Pornucopia: Porn, Sex, Techology and Desire, London: Serpent’s Tail, 1999
Thacker, Eugene. 'Can the Digital become Excremental? - Bataille, Expenditure, and Web Pornography'. This essay was written for the da-da-Net "Trash Art" festival, and accompanies a Net-art project, MEDPORN Database. http://www.mediaartlab.ru/books/east/look/english_version/texts/Can_the_Digital_become_Excremental.htm
Magnus Ullen. ‘Pornography and its critical reception: toward a theory of masturbation,’ Jump Cut, No. 51, Spring 2009).
Williams, Lynda. Hardcore: Power, Pleasure and the ‘Frezy’ of the Visible, University of California Press, 1989
Zizek, Slavoj. 'Looking Awry', October 50, 1989
AND SPECIAL THANKS TO ROGER COOK FOR HID NOTES ON SHIT and HIS ESSAY 'Stools of conviviality. "A man's best friend is his Wurst"', Miser & Now, 2005.